Tonometry. Ophthamoscopy. Perimetry. These are the tests we use that usually indicate to us whether you may have glaucoma or not.
This is a condition that affects the optic nerve of the human eye. It is to do with the loss of nerve fibers in the optical nerve. This arises due to the pressure in the eye itself.
Glaucoma is present in 1 in 100 people that are over the age of 40 and the most common type of glaucoma is known as open angle glaucoma. This is symptomless and therefore only can be diagnosed by using a tonometer, which measures the pressure of the eye and a field test, which determines the peripheral loss in the vision.
There are other types of glaucoma that are not as common. These are:
- Chronic Angle Closure Glaucoma
- Secondary Glaucoma (Due to eye injury)
- Congenital Glaucoma (Present since birth).
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